After the European Parliament approved the Brexit agreement, the United Kingdom left the EU on January 31, 2020, at midnight Dutch time (11 p.m. GMT). From that moment on, a transition phase applies until 31 December 2020. During this period, all EU rules and laws for the UK remain in force. Virtually nothing changes for citizens and businesses. In this way there is more time for everyone to prepare for the new agreements that the EU and the UK will make about their future relationship after December 31, 2020. The official statement now is that January 1, 2021 is the starting date of the new relationship between the EU and UK, as laid down in the Brexit agreement.